When time and funding permit, each flower (each plant species) will have its own page, and its own PDF, and eventually its own PPT so that professors and students have plenty of material on Guatemala (and Honduras, etc) to study.

Heliconia adflexa, Coban, Guatemala, Hotel Monja Blanca, FLAAR, by Nicholas Hellmuth

This space is for flowers
we have recently found and photographed.

Reports by FLAAR Mesoamerica
on Flora & Fauna of Parque Nacional Yaxha Nakum Naranjo
Peten, Guatemala, Central America

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Bibliography on Zygia genus trees of Guatemala

PDF, Articles, Books on Zygia genus of trees,

This bibliography is to help us identify a Zygia tree in Reserva Natural Tapon Creek, Municipio de Livingston, Izabal, Guatemala, Central America. This tree was found by FUNDAECO park ranger, Lucas Cuz.

This tree has the most spectacular color and shape of flower of any cauliflorous tree that I have seen before (these flowers of Zygia bloom from the trunk).


Zygia gigantifoliola, a remarkable example of cauliflory, a tree flowering from the trunk. cauliclorous flower on the tree trunk was photographed by FUNDAECO park ranger Lucas Cuz, in Reserva Natural Tapon Creek, Municipio de Livingston, Izabal, Dec 5th or 6th, 2020. If you are a botanist or student, we highly recommend doing research in the biodiverse habitats of this Caribbean part of Guatemala, Central America.

  • GUINET, Ph. and L. RICO-Arce
  • 1988
  • Pollen characters in the genera Zygia, Marmaroxylon and Cojoba (Leguminosae, Mimosoideae, Ingeae): a comparison with related genera. Pollen et Spores 30:313–328.
  • LÓPEZ-Contreras, José Enrique, RICO-Arce, María de Lourdes, CAN-Itza, Lilia Lorena and Rodrigo DUNO-De Stefano
  • 2015
  • El género Zygia P. Browne (Leguminosae, Mimosoideae, Ingeae) en la porción mexicana de la Península de Yucatán. Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid Vol. 72, No. 2.

    Free download:
  • RICO-Arce, María de Lourdes
  • 1991
  • New Species, Combinations and Synonyms for Zygia, Cojoba, Marmaroxylon and Pithecellobium (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae, Ingeae). Kew Bulletin Vol. 46, No. 3, pages 493-521.

    Available online:
  • RICO-Arce, María de Lourdes
  • 1994
  • Four New Species of Zygia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae). Kew Bulletin Vol. 49, No. 3, pages 547-554

    Available online:


Suggested web pages
with photos and information on Zygia genus

Information on Z. conzattii, Z. latifolia var. latifolia, Z. stevensonii founded in Mexico and Central America

Zygia stevensonii, general information, photos and map distribution

Information on Zygia confused, recorded for Costa Rica, Guatemala and Belice

General information about Zygia genus, species list, map distribution and photos

This is the photograph and webpage that made it possible for Vivian Hurtado (FLAAR Mesoamerica) to identify the species. Victor Mendoza (FLAAR Mesoamerica) had earlier identified the genus.

Information on Z. cataractae, Z. latifolia, Z. morongii, Z. pithecolobioides

Information on Zygia englesingii



First posted December 8, 2020
Bibliography prepared by Vivian Hurtado, FLAAR Mesoamerica


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