When time and funding permit, each flower (each plant species) will have its own page, and its own PDF, and eventually its own PPT so that professors and students have plenty of material on Guatemala (and Honduras, etc) to study.

Heliconia adflexa, Coban, Guatemala, Hotel Monja Blanca, FLAAR, by Nicholas Hellmuth

Florifundia
This space is for flowers
we have recently found and photographed.

Europe

English Bulgarian Croatian Czech Danish Dutch French German Greek Italian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Slovenian Spanish Turkish Ukrainian

Asia

Armenian Chinese (Simplified) Chinese (Traditional) Filipino Greek Hebrew Hindi Japanese

Africa

Afrikaans Arabic Swahili

visit our site FLAAR Mesoamerica


Follow me in twitter. FLAAR reports Add a Nicholas Hellmunth to yor network. FLAAR reports.
| Share
News Feeds:

Edible roots from Guatemala

Posted Jun. 7, 2019

Yuca-maniht-esculenta

Photograph with a Nikon D5, Nikon AF-S NIKKOR 600mm f/4e FL ED VR lens, f/11, ISO 200

The root is the lower part of a plant, they are almost always underground, although there are also aerial and aquatic roots. Roots are in charge of holding the plant to the ground, absorb water and minerals, synthesize hormones and store nutrients.

Roots are usually edible, some types of them are:

  • Napiform: root thickened by the storage of nutrients and shaped like a turnip.
  • Tuberous: root thickened by the storage of nutrients, without definite shape.

It is important to mention that napiform and tuberous roots are not the same as the bulbs and tubers, which are modified stems, not roots.

 

Some edible and native roots from Guatemala are:

1. Camote/Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.)

It’s a vine, up to 5 meters long, with green leaves and flared lilac and white flowers. It is distinguished by its edible roots, which can be purple, white or orange. It is located in different parts of Guatemala, like Alta Verapaz, Sacatepéquez, Izabal and Petén.

Yuca-maniht-esculenta

Photograph with a Nikon D5, Nikon AF-S NIKKOR 600mm f/4e FL ED VR lens, f/11, ISO 200

2. Jícama/Jicama (Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urb.)

Climbing plant, its flowers are blue, and its fruits are legumes. The root is very fleshy and shaped like a white turnip. They are located in the northern and eastern part of the country.

Yuca-maniht-esculenta

Photograph with a Nikon D5, Nikon AF-S NIKKOR 600mm f/4e FL ED VR lens, f/11, ISO 200

3. Malanga (Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.) Schott)

Plant up to 1 meter high with grouped and very showy leaves. With white and purple flowers with a very sweet smell. Its roots are considered a substitute for potatoes and can be cooked sweet or salty. It is located in Alta Verapaz, Izabal, Chiquimula, Santa Rosa, Sacatepéquez, Retalhuleu and Quetzaltenango.

Yuca-maniht-esculenta

Photograph with a Nikon D5, Nikon AF-S NIKKOR 600mm f/4e FL ED VR lens, f/11, ISO 200

4. Ichintal (Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw.)

Climbing plant with stems up to 10m long with green to white flowers. Its fruit is the güisquil, its tuberous root is the ichintal, which is solid and yellowish in color. It is grown in all its departments of Guatemala.

Yuca-maniht-esculenta

Photograph with a Nikon D5, Nikon AF-S NIKKOR 600mm f/4e FL ED VR lens, f/11, ISO 200

5. Yuca/Yucca (Manihot esculenta Crantz)

Shrub up to 3 meters tall with green and webbed leaves with small yellow, red or purple flowers. Its root is edible, however, it is necessary to cook it since it has toxic compounds when it is raw. In Guatemala, it’s found in warm areas.

Yuca-maniht-esculenta

Photograph with a Nikon D5, Nikon AF-S NIKKOR 600mm f/4e FL ED VR lens, f/11, ISO 200

Now that you know a little more about our native roots, let’s learn more about some of their nutritional benefits*

Root (100g) Carbohydrates (g) Fiber (g) Fat (g) Protein (g)
Camote/Sweet potato 17.72 2.50 0.14 1.37
Jícama/Jicama 8.82 4.90 0.09 0.72
Malanga 30.90 2.40 0.30 1.70
Ichintal 17.80 1.70 0.20 2.00
Yuca/Yucca 38.06 1.80 0.28 1.36

*Obtained from Tabla de Composición de Alimentos de Centroamérica (INCAP, 2007).

As you can see, the edible roots are rich in carbohydrates, which provide an immediate source of energy, storage of more energy and help the formation of other molecules such as proteins.

First posted, June 2019
Bibliography prepared by Marcella Sarti, FLAAR Mesoamerica

 


 

Botanical Terms

Smartphone Camera Reviews

Ecosystems, Wetlands Aquatic Plants

Bushes and small trees

Fungi and Lichens

Consulting cacao & Theobroma species

Tobacco Ingredients of Aztec & Maya

Plants and trees used to produce incense

Camera Reviews for Photographing Flowers and Plants

Trees with conical Spines

Flowers native to Guatemala visible now around the world

Ethnobotany site page Donations acknowled Botton DONATE NOW

SUBJECTS TO BE COVERED DURING NEXT 6 MONTHS

Fruits (typical misnomer mishmash of Spanish language)

Fruits (vines or cacti)

Flowers, sacred

Plants or trees that are used to produce incense

We Thank Gitzo, 90% of the photographs of plants, flowers and trees in Guatemala are photographed using a Gitzo tripod, available from Manfrotto Distribution.
We thank Hoodman, All images on this site are taken with RAW CF memory cards courtesy of Hoodman.
Pachira aquatica, zapoton, zapote bobo, crucial sacred flower for Maya archaeologists and iconographers
Read article on Achiote, Bixa orellana, annatto, natural plant dye for coloring (and flavoring) food (especially cacao drink) in Guatemala and Mexico.
Read article on Cuajilote or Caiba: Parmentiera aculeata, a forgotten fruit.
Read article on Split leaf philodendron, Monstera deliciosa.
Read article on Gonolobus, an edible vine from Asclepiadaceae Family.
Pachira aquatica, zapoton, zapote bobo, crucial sacred flower for Maya archaeologists and iconographers
Flor de Mayo,Plumeria rubia, plumeria alba, plumeria obtusa. Edible flower used to flavor cacao
Guanaba, annona squamosa, Chincuya, Annona purpurea, Sugar apple, Chirimoya

Tikal Related Reports

Bernoullia_flammea_mapola_&_temple_III_Tikal_FLAAR_Report_cover
Bernoullia_flammea_mapola_&_temple_V_Tikal_FLAAR_Report
Bernoullia_flammea_mapola_cante_great_plaza_ballcourt_&_temple_I_Tikal_FLAAR_Report
Bernoullia_flammea_mapola_cante_Natural_Beauty_at_Tikal_Central_Acropolis_FLAAR_Report
Cutting-Patterns-made-by-leaf-cutting-ants-Zompopos-at-parque-nacional-tikal-FLAAR-Reports
Flowers-of-Maya-art-Pachira-aquatica_Parque-Nacional_Tikal_Nicholas-Hellmuth
Guazuma_ulmifolia_at_Tikal_Report_Nicholas_Hellmuth
Meleagris_ocellata_occelated_turkey_Tikal_FLAAR_Report

Visit other FLAAR sites

 
 
Copyright © 2019. maya-ethnobotany.org. Powered by FLAAR
elektronik sigara orjinal elektronik sigara red kiwi elektronik sigara