When time and funding permit, each flower (each plant species) will have its own page, and its own PDF, and eventually its own PPT so that professors and students have plenty of material on Guatemala (and Honduras, etc) to study.

Heliconia adflexa, Coban, Guatemala, Hotel Monja Blanca, FLAAR, by Nicholas Hellmuth

Florifundia
This space is for flowers
we have recently found and photographed.

Reports by FLAAR Mesoamerica
on Flora & Fauna of Parque Nacional Yaxha Nakum Naranjo
Peten, Guatemala, Central America


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Red Mangroove an essential species for mangrove ecosystems

 

Red Mangroove an essential species for mangrove ecosystems

Posted November 5, 2021

When we were navigating through the entrance of Laguna Grande we could observe different structures of the red mangrove in which we could highlight the tiny yellow flowers and two red mangrove fruits. We had not had the opportunity to photograph these ripe fruits and the intense red color they present is incredible.

The red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle) is a tree species of the Rizophoraceae family typical of mangrove ecosystems. It is commonly called red mangrove, Colorado mangrove, chifle mangrove, zapotero mangrove or cunapo.

Different uses are attributed to Rhizophora mangle

 

Entada-polystachya-bejuco-de-agua-rio-chocon-machacas

Red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle) at Laguna Grande, Rio Sarstun, Livingston. October, 2021. Photo by Roxana Leal with iPhone 13 Pro Max, FLAAR Mesoamerica.

 

Entada-polystachya-bejuco-de-agua-rio-chocon-machacas

Red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle) at Laguna Grande, Rio Sarstun, Livingston. October, 2021. Photo by Victor Mendoza with Sony RX10, FLAAR Mesoamerica.

Use

Part of the plant

Adhesivo

Látex

Handricrafts

Wood

Colorants

Cortex

Fuel

Wood

Edible

Fruit

Construction

Wood and leaves (for ceillings)

Tools

Wood

Medicinal

Cortex, leaves and root

Melliferous

Flower

Botanical Description

Habit

Prenifolio tree of saline habitat, 15 m high up to 30 m.

Size

Simple inflorescence of 2 to 3 flowers, actinomorphic and the corolla is about 1.8 cm

Stem

Brown berry about 2 to 3 cm long by 1.5 wide

Leaves

Alternate up to 25 cm long, composed of rachis with up to 5 to 15 pairs of secondary axes with narrow leaflets of up to 11mm.

Inflorescence

It has viviparity (the seed germinates within the fruit). Green color, it measures between 22 and 40 cm long and between 1 and 2 cm in diameter.

Flowers

It has fulcreatic, branched, arched and curved roots where modified roots called stilts develop.

Fruits and seeds

Opposite and simple, agglomerate form measuring 8 to 15 cm long and 4 to 6 wide.

Importance of mangroves:

  • They protect biodiversity, since they serve as a refuge, feeding and reproduction area for many terrestrial and aquatic, migratory and local species.
  • Its roots are of great importance because they can fix sediments and regulate erosion, protecting coastal marine areas because they hold mud and help to extend the mainland. They have a high carbon storage capacity in plant tissue.
  • Serve as natural barriers against tropical storms and hurricanes.
  • Mangrove ecosystems serve as natural filters as they absorb a large amount of nutrients in the water in order to prevent eutrophication.
  • They maintain the quality of the water. They work as a filter for some pollutants.
  • They are of great economic importance due to the fishing species that they harbor.

Written by Vivian Hurtado & Roxana Leal
Identified Species by Victor Mendoza

 

References

 

Parque Nacional Yaxha, Nakum and Naranjo

Botanical Terms

Smartphone Camera Reviews

Fungi and Lichens

Consulting cacao & Theobroma species

Tobacco Ingredients of Aztec & Maya

Bombacaceae, Bombacoideae

Plants and trees used to produce incense

Camera Reviews for Photographing Flowers and Plants

Flowers native to Guatemala visible now around the world

Ethnobotany site page Donations acknowled Botton DONATE NOW

SUBJECTS TO BE COVERED DURING NEXT 6 MONTHS

Fruits (typical misnomer mishmash of Spanish language)

Fruits (vines or cacti)

Flowers, sacred

Plants or trees that are used to produce incense

We Thank Gitzo, 90% of the photographs of plants, flowers and trees in Guatemala are photographed using a Gitzo tripod, available from Manfrotto Distribution.
We thank Hoodman, All images on this site are taken with RAW CF memory cards courtesy of Hoodman.
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