When time and funding permit, each flower (each plant species) will have its own page, and its own PDF, and eventually its own PPT so that professors and students have plenty of material on Guatemala (and Honduras, etc) to study.

Heliconia adflexa, Coban, Guatemala, Hotel Monja Blanca, FLAAR, by Nicholas Hellmuth

Florifundia
This space is for flowers
we have recently found and photographed.

Reports by FLAAR Mesoamerica
on Flora & Fauna of Parque Nacional Yaxha Nakum Naranjo
Peten, Guatemala, Central America


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Bibliography on potentially edible wild native Mayan plants Typha domingensis and Typha latifolia.
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Typha domingensis at Rio Caliz, Livingston. Photo taken by David Arrivillaga, FLAAR Mesoamerica.

Grasses, Reeds, and Sedges of Wetlands Ecosystems of Peten

This bibliography began when we found Typha all around the edges of rivers, lakes, and lagoons in the Municipio de Livingston, Izabal. Now we have been asked to also make lists of flora, fauna and biodiverse ecosystems of the Reserva de la Biosfera Maya of Peten, and we found lots of Typha at the west end of Lake Peten Itza in May 2021. That same week there were no grasses, reeds or sedges remaining around 90% of Lake Yaxha; because the water level has risen so far all the lake edge plants that we noticed in 2018 and 2019 are now flooded out. But since our project is now for five years, we hope to find shore plants as the water recedes in future years (though of course the water may rise even further).

Grasses, Reeds, and Sedges of Wetlands Ecosystems of Municipio de Livingston and Wetlands of Peten

Most field work in botany is on trees, so most national parks have a larger list of trees than a list of any other kind of plant. We at FLAAR (USA) and FLAAR Mesoamerica (Guatemala) are also making lists of grasses, sedges, and rushes.

The first edition is focused on all the grasses, reeds, and sedges that we found in the marshes and edges of swamps and lakes of the Municipio de Livingston, Izabal, Guatemala. But then we found more along the western end of Lake Peten Itza in May 2021, while initiating our 5-year project of coordination and cooperation with CONAP for the Reserva de la Biosfera Maya (RBM).

We will be preparing a FLAAR report in pdf format with an updated expanded edition of this bibliography for our Reserva de la Biosfera Maya project, especially since many wetlands plants are edible (and are missing from most lists of plants eaten by the Mayan people).

PDF, Articles, Books on Typha domingensis and Typha latifolia

  • HERNÁNDEZ, Mauricio
  • 2012
  • Aspectos ecológicos de Geothlypis flavovelata (Ridgway 1896), especie endémica del Noreste de México. Graduate thesis. Universidad Veracruzana. Veracruz, México. 77 pages.

    Available Online:
    www.uv.mx/pozarica/mmemc/files/2012/10/Mauricio-Hernandez-Sanchez.pdf


    Note: Information of Typha spp. associated with Geothlypis flavovelata’s hábitat.
  • MACIP-Ríos, Rodrigo, CASAS, Andreu and Gabriel BARRIOS
  • 2018
  • Monitoreo y manejo de hábitat. In Protocolo de rancheo para el cocodrilo de pantano (Crocodylus moreletii) en México. Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad CONABIO. México. 143 pages. Barrios, Gabriel and Cremieux, Juan (eds.).

    Available Online:
    https://cites.org/sites/default/files/ndf_material/S-AC30-Inf-03.pdf


    Note: Information of Typha spp. being used in the C. moreletii nest construction available on page 53.
  • MORTON, Julia F.
  • 1975
  • Cattails (Typha spp.) - Weed Problem or Potential Crop? Economic Botany. Vol. 29, No. 1. Pages 7-29.

    Available Online:
    www.jstor.org/stable/4253557
  • REJMANKOVA, Elisa, POPE, Kevin, POHL, Mary and Jose REY-Benayas
  • 1995
  • Freshwater Wetland Plant Communities of Northern Belize: Implications for Paleoecological Studies of Maya Wetland Agriculture. Biotropica. Vol. 27, No. 1. Pages 28-36.

    Available Online:
    www.jstor.org/stable/2388900
  • VEBLEN, Thomas T.
  • 1975
  • Alien Weeds in the Tropical Highlands of Western Guatemala. Journal of Biogeography. Vol. 2, No. 1. Pages 19-25.

    Available Online:
    https://doi.org/10.2307/3038198
  • ZENTENO, Claudia
  • 2012
  • Historia natural de la tortuga blanca Dermatemys mawii. In Taller de Análisis de Viabilidad de la Población y del Hábitat (PHVA) de la Tortuga Blanca (Dermatemys mawii). Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco. Tabasco, México. 190 pages. Zenteno, C., Arriaga, S., Rodríguez, J. E. and Y. Matamoros (eds).

    Available Online:
    www.cbsg.org/sites/cbsg.org/files/documents/Central_American_River_Turtle_PHVA_2012.pdf


    Note: Information of Typha domingensis as part of the Dermatemys mawii turtle diet available on page 152.

Publications related with the phytoremediation properties of Typha spp.

  • GARCÍA, Nancy
  • 2019
  • Estudio comparativo de la remoción de nutrientes y carga orgánica en aguas residuales domésticas, tratadas en un biofiltro tipo wetland de flujo superficial con dos variedades de macrófitas. Undergraduate thesis. Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala. Guatemala. 54 pages.

    Available Online:
    http://biblioteca.usac.edu.gt/tesis/08/08_0037_A.pdf
  • MARTINEZ, Nelver and Amir IGLESIAS
  • 2020
  • Typha latifolia y Eichornia crassipes en el tratamiento de aguas residuales de efluentes industriales. Undergraduate thesis. Universidad Privada del Norte. Trujillo, Perú. 98 pages.

    Available Online:
    https://repositorio.upn.edu.pe/handle/11537/23954
  • TORRES, Gian
  • 2017
  • Humedal artificial con la especie Typha dominguensis para el tratamiento de aguas grises domésticas, AA.HH. San Benito – Carabayllo, 2017. Undergraduate thesis. Universidad César Vallejo. Lima, Perú. 128 pages.

    Available Online:
    https://repositorio.ucv.edu.pe/handle/20.500.12692/28338

Publications on Typha species in Peten

  • DIX, Margareth and Juan F. FERNÁNDEZ (eds.)
  • 2001
  • Inventario Nacional de los Humedales de Guatemala. UICN/ORMA, CONAP, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas y Farmacia USAC, Gobierno de Noruega and CBM. Costa Rica. 154 pages.

    Available Online:
    https://portals.iucn.org/library/sites/library/files/documents/2001-075.pdf


    Note: Information of the presence of Typha spp. in Laguna Sacnab from the RBM available on page 54.
  • GARRISON, Thomas G. and Nicholas P. DUNNING
  • 2009
  • Settlement, Environment, and Politics in The San Bartolo-Xultun Territory, El Peten, Guatemala. Latin American Antiquity, Vol. 20, No. 4 (December 2009), pp. 525-552 (28 pages). Cambridge University Press.
  • LEÓN, Blanca and Julio MORALES
  • 2000
  • The aquatic macrophyte communities of Laguna del Tigre National Park , Petén, Guatemala. In A Biological Assessment of Laguna del Tigre National Park, Petén, Guatemala. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment. No. 16. 221 pages. Bestelmeyer, Brandon and Alonso, Leeanne (eds).

    Available Online:
    www.academia.edu/1347846/A_Biological_Assessment_of_Laguna_del_Tigre_National_Park_Pet%C3%A9n_Guatemala


    Note: Information of Typha domingensis from the marshes of Laguna del Tigre
    National Park available on pages 36 and 130.
  • PÉREZ, S., KIHN, P., MORALES, J., CASTILLO, N.,
    RAMÍREZ, F., CANO, E., GARCÍA, R., ORDOÑEZ, J.,
    FLORES, M., HIGUEROS, A., ACEVEDO, M., VÁSQUEZ,
    C., BURGOS, C., ENRIQUEZ, H. and H. PIÉROLA
  • 2001
  • Caracterización ecológica de los biotopos Chocón Machacas, Izabal y Cerro Cahuí, Petén. Dirección General de Investigación de la Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala. Guatemala. 118 pages.

    Available Online:
    https://digi.usac.edu.gt/bvirtual/informes/puirna/INF-2001-004.pdf


    Note: Information of the presence of Typha spp. on the biotopes Chocon Machacas and Cerro Cahuí available on pages 26, 55, 61 and 93.
  • REYES, Elsa
  • 2009
  • Los cuerpos de agua de la región maya Tikal-Yaxhá: importancia de la vegetación acuática asociada, su conservación y el valor desde el uso humano. Dirección General de Investigación de la Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala. Guatemala. 86 pages.

    Available Online:
    http://glifos.senacyt.gob.gt/digital/fodecyt/fodecyt%202008.25.pdf
  • REYES, Elsa, MORALES, Julio, OLIVA, Bessie and Celia Dávila
  • 2009
  • Los Cuerpos de Agua de la Región Maya Tikal –Yaxhá: Importancia de la Vegetación Acuática Asociada, Calidad de Agua y Conservación. Dirección General de Investigación de la Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala. Guatemala. 71 pages.

    Available Online:
    https://digi.usac.edu.gt/bvirtual/informes/puirna/INF-2009-047.pdf
  • VAUGHAN, Hague Hingston
  • 1979
  • Prehistoric Disturbance of Vegetation in the Area of Lake Yaxha, Peten, Guatemala. PhD dissertation, University of Florida. 176 pages.

    Available Online:
    https://ufdc.ufl.edu/AA00050220/00001/185j

 

Suggested web pages with photos and information on Typha domingensis and Typha latifolia

Most of the helpful written material is from USA; almost nothing on grasses, sedges and rushes of Guatemala.
www.backwoodshome.com/the-incredible-cattail/

Information

http://capemaywildlife.com/_templates/subsection_plantsgrass.html
Very nicely organized but they give only the common names—no genus species names until you click on the photo, and then you are taken to an entire page on that species with lots of helpful information.

www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/typhaceae/typha-domingensis/fichas/ficha.htm
Data sheet Typha domingensis.

https://enciclovida.mx/especies/161903-typha-latifolia
Typha latifolia, information and photos.

www.farmersalmanac.com/cooking-wild-edible-cattails-25374
Cooking wild edible cattails.

www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/water-plants/cattails/edible-parts-of-cattail.htm
Edible parts of Cattails.

www.unavarra.es/herbario/htm/Typh_lati.htm
Typha latifolia, information and photos.

www.worldwildlife.org/ecoregions/nt1428
Mangrove swamps plus Cladium jamaicensis, Typha dominguensis, Salicornia bigelovi, and Batis maritima in Yucatan-Campeche area.

www.infoiarna.org.gt/ecosistemas-de-guatemala/fichas-zonas-de-vida/bs-t/
Species list from the dry tropical forest life zone in Guatemala.

www.redalyc.org/pdf/577/57707101.pdf
Species list from Calakmul, Campeche; page 32.

www.conabio.gob.mx/web/pdf/SPSB_InformeEvaluacionAmbiental.pdf
Typha spp. presence in Sierra Madre and Parque Estatal Lagunas de Yalahau, México; pages 18 and 189.

http://sinat.semarnat.gob.mx/dgiraDocs/documentos/camp/estudios/2006/04CA2006T0011.pdf
Species List from Proyecto Eco-Turístico Los Petenes, pages 101-102.

www.paot.mx/centro/ine-semarnat/anp/AN11.pdf
Species list and Typha spp. associated species at Reserva Biósfera Ría Lagartos, pages 24-26.

www.paot.org.mx/centro/ine-semarnat/anp/AN29.pdf
T. domingensis presence at Lago Miramar from Reserva de la biósfera Montes Azules, pages 39-40, and 201-202.

www.itto.int/files/itto_project_db_input/2576/Technical/DIAGNOSTICO%20AMBIENTAL%20Y%20FORESTAL%20DEL%20ESTADO%20DE%20CHIAPAS.pdf
T, domingensis presence at Reserva de la biósfera la Encrucijada, page 88.

https://publications.iadb.org/publications/spanish/document/Evaluacion-de-la-efectividad-de-la-infraestructura-verde-para-la-mitigacion-del-riesgo-costero-en-America-Latina-y-el-Caribe.pdf
T. domingensis presence at Puerto Morelos, Quintana Roo; page 98.

https://biblioteca-farmacia.usac.edu.gt/Tesis/B252.pdf
Species list from El Perú Lagoon at Petén, Guatemala; page 35.

www.parkswatch.org/parkprofiles/pdf/yanm_spa.pdf
Typha sp. at Reserva Yaxhá, Nakum y Naranjo; Guatemala. Page 5.

https://dokumen.site/download/caracterizacion-del-municipio-de-flores-a5b39efe40a6d0
Typha sp. as the typical vegetation from Yaxhá Lagoon at Petén, Guatemala; page 20.

www.yichuans.me/datasheet/output/site/tikal-national-park/
T. latifolia included in the vegetation of Tikal National Park, Guatemala.

www.gbif.org/es/dataset/80c60602-f762-11e1-a439-00145eb45e9a/metrics
T. domingensis included in the aquatic vascular vegetation from floodable zones at Laguna de Términos, Campeche; México.

http://mapserver.sgm.gob.mx/Publicaciones/MonografiasWeb/T272017SEGM0001_01.PDF
T. latifolia at La Lima Lagoon and other áreas of Tabasco, México; pages 31, 33 and 65.

www.gob.mx/cms/uploads/attachment/file/367162/3.2_Estudio_de_Impacto_ambiental_Tabasco_acrb.pdf
Typha spp. in different regions from Tabasco and Campeche.

www.cifor.org/publications/pdf_files/WPapers/WP117Kauffman.pdf
Biomass calculation of Typha spp. ecosystems, page 17.

www.famsi.org/reports/95087/95087Fedick01.pdf
T. latifolia cultivation in the first confirmed evidence of Mayan management of wetlands.

www.researchgate.net/publication/284730660_Ecological_Evaluation_of_Mirador-Rio_Azul_National_Park_Peten_Guatemala
Typha sp. at Jabali aguada, from the Parque Nacional Río Azul, Petén; Guatemala. Page 26.

https://pdfcoffee.com/biodiversidad-acuatica-de-guatemala-pdf-free.html
T. domingensis presence, uses and population decline at Izabal Lake, Guatemala; page 336.

www.academia.edu/35470233/Biodiversidad_Marina_de_Guatemala_An%C3%A1lisis_de_Vac%C3%ADos_y_Estrategias_para_su_Conservaci%C3%B3n
Typha sp. distribution map from the Pacific Coast of Guatemala, page 105.

http://aleph.ecosur.mx:8991/exlibris/aleph/a22_1/apache_media/4NS3N393Y3C9YTEKJL1XSA45561T1M.pdf
Pollen rain at Reserva de La Biósfera Los Petenes, Campeche; México.

www.researchgate.net/publication/328880098_Climate_change_in_lowland_Central_America_during_the_late_deglacial_and_early_Holocene
Pollen of Typha sp. in sediment studies realized at Petén Itzá Lake, suggesting climate change during the late deglacial and early Holocene; pages 369 and 371.

https://docplayer.es/116136172-Universidad-de-san-carlos-de-guatemala-direccion-general-de-investigacion.html
Species list from the Reserva de la Biósfera Maya RBM, Guatemala; page 82.

http://rev.mex.biodivers.unam.mx/wp-content/uploads/2018/vol-89/89-3-sep-2018/14RMB_89-3.pdf
Species list from the occidental part of the Reserva Estatal Ciénagas y Manglares de la Costa Norte de Yucatán, México; page 799.

www.biodiversidad.gob.mx/publicaciones/librosDig/pdf/reservasBiosfera3.pdf
Species list from the Reserva de la Biósfera Sian Ka’an at Quintana Roo, México; pages 76 and 112.

www.harte.org/sites/default/files/inline-files/16.pdf
Species list from different wetlands at the Gulf of México, page 338.

https://sora.unm.edu/sites/default/files/ON%20%2819%29%2055-70.pdf
Typha spp. at Los Petenes from Yucatán, México; pages 56-57.

 

First post, July, 2021
Bibliography prepared by Vivian Hurtado, Edited by Sergio Jerez, FLAAR Mesoamerica

 

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