When time and funding permit, each flower (each plant species) will have its own page, and its own PDF, and eventually its own PPT so that professors and students have plenty of material on Guatemala (and Honduras, etc) to study.

Heliconia adflexa, Coban, Guatemala, Hotel Monja Blanca, FLAAR, by Nicholas Hellmuth

Florifundia
This space is for flowers
we have recently found and photographed.

Europe

English Bulgarian Croatian Czech Danish Dutch French German Greek Italian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Slovenian Spanish Turkish Ukrainian

Asia

Armenian Chinese (Simplified) Chinese (Traditional) Filipino Greek Hebrew Hindi Japanese

Africa

Afrikaans Arabic Swahili

visit our site FLAAR Mesoamerica


Follow me in twitter. FLAAR reports Add a Nicholas Hellmunth to yor network. FLAAR reports.
| Share
News Feeds:

 

The maize and the milpa - National maize day in Guatemala

Posted August, 2019

The maize (Zea mays L.) is the most essential and culturally important crop in Mesoamerica. It’s an annual, monoecious species (with female and male reproductive organs in the same plant but separated) and its pollination is through the wind. His domestication took place in Oaxaca, Mexico, about 9,000 years ago (UNAM, 2017).

For the Mayan culture, the maize is an important element in their lives. In the story of the creation of the universe, in the Popol Vuh, is said that the gods had several attempts creating men until they achieved their purpose by creating men with maize. In addition, in the Mayan culture, Yum Kax is the God of agriculture, who controlled this sacred food (Nájera, 2004).

Maize is an important part of the milpa. Commonly, the maizefield is confused with the milpa. The maizefields are the set of maize, while the milpa comprises an ecosystem, where diverse species of flora and fauna interact, provides environmental services (such as pollination, soil fertility and biological control), contributes to human nutrition and has a cultural connotation (Biodiversidad Mexicana,n.d.).

 

The milpa system is a historical result of the man-nature relationship, where there are different types of milpa that adapt to the conditions where they are, either at sea level or in the highest mountains; in humid or dry climates; in fertile or low fertile soils (USAID 2017).

Photograph with a Canon EOS-1Ds Mark III, lens 17mm f/0, ISO 400, f 16, speed 1/60.

The word milpa comes from the Nahuatl -milli- and -pan- which means "what is sown in the plot". This system is made up of 3 basic plant species, known as the three sisters:

  • Maize (Zea mays L.)
  • Bean (Phaseolus sp.)
  • Pumpkin or Güicoy (Cucurbita sp).

Although the milpa can be made up of up to 50 different types of species, including tomatoes, chili peppers, amaranth and fruit trees. (Biodiversidad Mexicana, n.d.).

Yuca-maniht-esculenta

Photograph took with a Canon EOS-1Ds Mark III,lens 17mm f/0,ISO 400, f 16, speed 1/800.

The three sisters form a synergy that favors performance and increases the resilience of the system. These three species provide benefits in various ways:

  • Beans are an atmospheric nitrogen fixing species, which provides nitrogen to the other species within the milpa.
  • Maize serves as a support for beans, since beans are a vine.
  • The pumpkin covers the ground and is responsible for maintaining moisture and limiting weed growth (Ebel & others, 2017).

Due to all its qualities, food, cultural and ecological, as an individual crop and as part of the milpa system, on August 13 commemorates Maize Day in Guatemala, in accordance with decree No. 13-2014 issued by the Congress of the Republic.

Photograph with a Canon EOS 5D,lens 24-105mm f/0,ISO 100, f 11,speed 0.6.

PDF, Articles, Books on Anthurium crassinervium (Jacq.) Schott

First posted, June 2019
Bibliography prepared by Marcella Sarti, FLAAR Mesoamerica

 


 

Botanical Terms

Smartphone Camera Reviews

Bushes and small trees

Fungi and Lichens

Consulting cacao & Theobroma species

Tobacco Ingredients of Aztec & Maya

Plants and trees used to produce incense

Camera Reviews for Photographing Flowers and Plants

Trees with conical Spines

Flowers native to Guatemala visible now around the world

Ethnobotany site page Donations acknowled Botton DONATE NOW

SUBJECTS TO BE COVERED DURING NEXT 6 MONTHS

Fruits (typical misnomer mishmash of Spanish language)

Fruits (vines or cacti)

Flowers, sacred

Plants or trees that are used to produce incense

We Thank Gitzo, 90% of the photographs of plants, flowers and trees in Guatemala are photographed using a Gitzo tripod, available from Manfrotto Distribution.
We thank Hoodman, All images on this site are taken with RAW CF memory cards courtesy of Hoodman.
Pachira aquatica, zapoton, zapote bobo, crucial sacred flower for Maya archaeologists and iconographers
Read article on Achiote, Bixa orellana, annatto, natural plant dye for coloring (and flavoring) food (especially cacao drink) in Guatemala and Mexico.
Read article on Cuajilote or Caiba: Parmentiera aculeata, a forgotten fruit.
Read article on Split leaf philodendron, Monstera deliciosa.
Read article on Gonolobus, an edible vine from Asclepiadaceae Family.
Pachira aquatica, zapoton, zapote bobo, crucial sacred flower for Maya archaeologists and iconographers
Flor de Mayo,Plumeria rubia, plumeria alba, plumeria obtusa. Edible flower used to flavor cacao
Guanaba, annona squamosa, Chincuya, Annona purpurea, Sugar apple, Chirimoya

Tikal Related Reports

Bernoullia_flammea_mapola_&_temple_III_Tikal_FLAAR_Report_cover
Bernoullia_flammea_mapola_&_temple_V_Tikal_FLAAR_Report
Bernoullia_flammea_mapola_cante_great_plaza_ballcourt_&_temple_I_Tikal_FLAAR_Report
Bernoullia_flammea_mapola_cante_Natural_Beauty_at_Tikal_Central_Acropolis_FLAAR_Report
Cutting-Patterns-made-by-leaf-cutting-ants-Zompopos-at-parque-nacional-tikal-FLAAR-Reports
Flowers-of-Maya-art-Pachira-aquatica_Parque-Nacional_Tikal_Nicholas-Hellmuth
Guazuma_ulmifolia_at_Tikal_Report_Nicholas_Hellmuth
Meleagris_ocellata_occelated_turkey_Tikal_FLAAR_Report

Visit other FLAAR sites

 
 
Copyright © 2019. maya-ethnobotany.org. Powered by FLAAR
elektronik sigara orjinal elektronik sigara red kiwi elektronik sigara