Bibliography on Usnea sp.

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Lichens are a symbiotic association between fungi and algae. The lichens from genus Usnea, from the family Parmeliceae, grow up in trees of all the world. It is estimated that are around +600 species of this genus. In Mesoamerica, the principal species of Usnea, according to GBIF and Herrera, et-al (1998) are:

  • Usnea amabilis
  • Usnea ceratina
  • Usnea cristatula
  • Usnea firma
  • Usnea goniodes
  • Usnea himantodes
  • Usnea longissima
  • Usnea mexicana
  • Usnea rubicunda
  • Usnea papillata
  • Usnea ramillosa
  • Usnea subelegans
  • Usnea transitoria

PDF, Articles, Books on Usnea from Mesoamerica


Suggested webpages with photos and information on Genus Usnea from Mesoamerica
Photos of different species of Usnea.
Photos of U. ceratina..
Information of U. goniodes.
Information of U. himantodes.
Information and photo of U. longissima.
Information of U. mexicana.
Information and photos of U. rubicunda.
Information of U. subelegans.
Information of U. transitoria.


First posted December, 2018
Bibliography prepared by Marcella Sarti, FLAAR Mesoamerica (Guatemala).

PNYNN and Livingston reports

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