When time and funding permit, each flower (each plant species) will have its own page, and its own PDF, and eventually its own PPT so that professors and students have plenty of material on Guatemala (and Honduras, etc) to study.

Heliconia adflexa, Coban, Guatemala, Hotel Monja Blanca, FLAAR, by Nicholas Hellmuth

This space is for flowers
we have recently found and photographed.

Reports by FLAAR Mesoamerica
on Flora & Fauna of Parque Nacional Yaxha Nakum Naranjo
Peten, Guatemala, Central America

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Bibliography on Acacia farnesiana, Subín

Acacia farnesiana (Fabaceae) is a small tree or shrub 3 meters tall on average. Its leaves are composed of folios of 10 - 20 pairs and its stems have spines of 0.5 - 5cm. Its flowers are yellow and aromatic. It is distributed from the United States to Argentina (Hernández, 1978), in Guatemala, our FLAAR team has photographed this species in the Arroyo Petexbatún, Sayaxché, Petén and it is understandable because according to CONABIO (n.d.) the species develops along the roads, streams, abandoned parcels, disturbed lands, successional lands, and ruderal sites. In addition, it grows in hot and semi-warm climates.

Acacia farnesiana or commonly called Subín by the locals of Petén, has many potential uses as indicated by CONABIO (n.d.):

  • Adhesive. Latex is used as a substitute for gum.
  • Aromatic. Its essential oil is used in the perfume industry
  • Wood and firewood.
  • Dye. The flowers and fruits contain pigments that are used to dye silk fabrics and wallpaper. The powdered and boiled pod produces a black liquid that can be used as ink.
  • Flavor. The leaves are used to flavor
  • Tanning. Its bark and pods are used to tan and dye leather due to its abundance of tannins.
  • Forage. The leaves, pods, flowers and stems are used as fodder for cattle and goats.
  • Insecticide. The roots have a strong odor and are used as an antidote to poisons. The powder from the seeds is smeared on the horses' hooves to rid them of parasites. The leaf extract is used for protection against bean rust.
  • Medicinal. The decoction of the flowers is used as a remedy in cases of dyspepsia. An ointment is made from the flowers that is used as a remedy for headaches. With the green fruit, which is very astringent, an infusion is prepared for inflammations of the skin and mucous membranes (fires, hemorrhages) and to calm disorders of the nervous system. The root decoction is useful for dysentery, tuberculosis and abdominal pain. The stem is used for jaundice, toothache. The dried and powdered leaves are applied as a bandage on wounds.
  • Melliferous. Beekeeping
  • Ceremonial. In Tabasco it is used to drive away evil spirits.
Acacia farnesiana

Acacia farnesiana

Acasia Farnesiana found at Quiche, Nov 1, 2013 Photograph by Dr Nicholas Hellmuth

PDF, Articles, Books on Acacia farnesiana

  • CORTÉS-Cabrera, H.
  • 2013
  • Efecto de la temperatura en la germinación de Acacia farnesiana y A. schaffneri de diversas procedencias, y variación en vainas y semillas. Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León. 60 pages.

  • MORENO-Reséndez, A., SOLÍS-Morales, G., BLANCO-Contreras, E., VÁSQUEZ-Arroyo,
    J., GUZMÁS-Cedillo, L., RODRÍGUEZ-Dimas, N. and U. FIGUEROA-Viramontes
  • 2014
  • Desarrollo de plántulas de huizache (Aacia farnesiana) en sustratos con vermicompost. Rev. Chapingo. Ser. Cienc. For. Ambient. Vol. 20, No. 1. Pages 55-62.

    Available Online:


Suggested webpages with photos and information on Acacia farnesiana


Useful information and photos

Uses and management


Photos and information.


Updated February
First posted March, 2018
Bibliography prepared by Marcella Sarti and updated by Vivian Hurtado, FLAAR Mesoamerica.


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