When time and funding permit, each flower (each plant species) will have its own page, and its own PDF, and eventually its own PPT so that professors and students have plenty of material on Guatemala (and Honduras, etc) to study.

Heliconia adflexa, Coban, Guatemala, Hotel Monja Blanca, FLAAR, by Nicholas Hellmuth

This space is for flowers
we have recently found and photographed.


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A to Z index of utilitarian plants and sacred flowers of web site www.maya-ethnobotany.org

If you find a page on www.maya-ethnobotany.org which is not in this index (or which ought to be indexed also under an additional concept), please let us know, e-mail This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .


alt Acacia, Acacia farnesiana

alt Achiote, Bixa orellana

alt Ají, Capsicum, Chile, chili, Pimiento

alt Anacardium occidentale L. Cashew (marañon)

alt Aromatherapy, Magnolia, but species native to Guatemala and Mexico and Honduras

alt Auritum, hoja santa

alt Avocado Hass



alt Bactris sp., Palms of Mesoamerica, Sabal sp.

alt Balsa, Guano, Jopi, Ochroma pyramidale

alt Bernoullia flammea, mapola, or amapola

alt Bejuco, Aristolochia

alt Bixa orellana

alt Bibliographies on Mayan Flora in central america

alt Blepharidium guatemalense, irayol blanco, family Rubiaceae

alt Bourreria huanita

alt Bombacaceae, Bernoullia flammea, now subfamily Bombacoideae

alt Bursera simaruba, Palo jiote

alt Byrsonima crassifolia, Nance tree


alt cacao, chocolate, pataxte, Theobroma bicolor

alt Cacao, cocoa, chocolate, chile as flavoring among the Maya (and potentially among the Aztec).

alt Cacao, cocoa, chocolate, consulting, especially on Theobroma bicolor, but also Theobroma angustifolium

alt Cacao, cocoa, chocolate flavorings, vanilla

alt Cacao flavoring, magnolia

alt Cacao silvestre, cacao de montaña, cacao de mono, and potentially cacao de mico; Theobroma angustifolium

alt Calliandra, general introduction

alt Cana indica, leaves as wrap for tamale

alt Canak

alt Canastilla, Aristolochia

alt Capsicum,, Chile, chili, Ají, Pimiento

alt Cashew (marañon)

alt Cashew tree, Anacardium occidentale

alt Cassia grandis, bucut

alt Castilla elastica, hule, latex, rubber tree

alt Catuche, Annona muricata

alt Cestrum nocturnum, Dama de la noche, Huele de noche, Jazmín de la noche

alt Chile Chocolate (Capsicum annuum var accuminatum)

alt Chilli, or chile, as flavoring for chocolate.

alt Chayote, Güisquil

alt Chocolate, see cacao (which is the correct botanical name; cocoa is a misinterpretation
(misunderstanding) from several centuries ago.

alt Chupetio, Falso hibisco, Malvaviscus arboreus

alt Cassia grandis, bucut

alt Coclospermum vitifolium, Tecomasuche

alt Consulting services available to cacao, cocoa, chocolate, candy companies, worldwide, from an Olmec, Teotihuacan, Maya, and Aztec perspective.

alt Crescentia alata, Crescentia cujete

alt Cymbopetalum penduliflorum


alt Dahlia plants and flowers

alt Dama de la noche, Cestrum nocturnum, Huele de noche, Jazmín de la noche

alt Digital photography reviews, 400mm

alt Dutchman's Pipe, Aristolochia elegans



alt Estrella de fuego, Epidendrum radicans

alt Erythrina berteroana, Palo de Pito


altFalso hibisco, Chupetio, Malvaviscus arboreus, Turk’s cap

alt Fire star, Epidendrum radicans

alt Flor de Calico, Aristolochia elegans

alt Flor de Muerto

alt Flor de Sangre, Asclepias curassavica

altFlowers that bloom at night, Solandra maxima

alt Food of the Maya, Bernoullia flammea, edible seeds



alt Garden for research on plants of Guatemala

alt Giant granadilla, Passiflora quadrangularis

alt Guaco, Aristolochia

alt Guinda, Solanum sisymbriifolium

alt Granada

alt Guanaba, Annona muricata

alt Guanábana, Annona muricata

alt Guano, Balsa, Jopi, Ochroma pyramidale

alt Guazuma ulmifolia

alt Guava, Guayaba, Psidium guajava, a medicinal plant



 alt Irayol blanco, Blepharidium guatemalense, family Rubiaceae


altJazmín de la noche, Cestrum nocturnum, Dama de la noche, Huele de noche

alt Jopi, Balsa, Guano, Ochroma pyramidale





alt Lauraceae gender, Avocado

alt Látex, Castilla elastica, hule, rubber tree

alt Litchi tomato, Solanum sisymbriifolium

alt Logwood, Haematoxylum campechianum, palo de tinto, palo de Campeche

alt Logwood, palo de Campeche flower, palo de tinto, Haematoxylum campechianum




alt Macroclinium bicolor

alt Maculís, Matilisguate, Palo de rosa, Roble, Tabebuia rosea

alt Magnolia, medicinal and flavoring for cacao

alt Magnolia quetzal, using Nikon

alt Mapola, or amapola, Bernoullia flammea

alt Maracuya, Passiflora quadrangularis

alt Marañón, Anacardium occidentale

alt Marañón, Cashew

alt Marigold Flower, Flor de Muerto

alt Medicinal plant, Guava, Guayaba, Psidium guajava

alt Medicinal plants

alt Medicinal plants, List

alt Medicinal plants, Magnolia

alt Medicinal, magnolia flavoring for cacao is also medicinal

alt Milkweed, Asclepias curassavical


alt Nance tree


alt Ochroma pyramidale, Balsa, Guano, Jopi

alt Orchids, vanilla orchid



alt Pacaya palm, Chamaedorea tepejilote

alt Pachira aquatica

alt Palms of Mesoamerica, Bactris sp., Sabal sp.

alt Palo de Pito Flowers

alt Palo de Campeche, logwood, Haematoxylum campechianum, palo de tinto

alt Palo de Campeche flower, palo de tinto, Haematoxylum campechianum

alt Palo de rosa, Maculís, Matilisguate, Roble, Tabebuia rosea

alt Palo jiote

alt Passiflora quadrangularis , giant granadilla, maracuya, Badea

alt Pataxte, Theobroma bicolor, a species which also produces cocoa for chocolate

alt Introduction to Papaya

alt Pelican flower, Aristolochia elegans

alt Passion flowers and fruits, Passiflora

alt Persea gender, Avocado

alt Photo Exhibit, Pachira aquatica

alt Pimiento, Ají, Capsicum,, Chile, chili

alt Piper auritum, hoja santa

alt Piper species as potentially medicinal (or toxic needing their own medicine!)

alt Platanillo, Asclepias curassavica

alt Punica granatum, Granada




alt Revienta caballos, Solanum sisymbriifolium

alt Roble, Maculís, Matilisguate, Palo de rosa, Tabebuia rosea

alt Rubber tree, Castilla elastica, hule, latex



alt Sabal sp., Bactris sp., Palms of Mesoamerica

alt Sterculia apetala, Castaño

alt Sechium edule, Güisquil

alt Sobralia, Sobralia xantholeuca

alt Solandra maxima, cup of gold, flowering at night

alt Soursop, Annona muricata

alt Sticky nightshade, Solanum sisymbriifolium

alt Subin, Acacia farnesiana


alt Tagetes erecta, Flor de Muerto

alt Tagetes sp., Marigold

alt Tecolotillo, Aristolochia

alt Talauma, a variant of Magnolia

alt Tecomasuche flower, Coclospermum vitifolium

alt Theobroma angustifolium, cacao silvestre, cacao de montaña, cacao de mono, and potentially cacao de mico

alt Theobroma bicolor, pataxte

alt Tinto, palo de tinto; palo de Campeche, Haematoxylum campechianum

alt Tobacco-related, leaves can wrap cigarettes, Guava, Guayaba, Psidium guajava

alt Turk’s cap, Chupetio, Falso hibisco, Malvaviscus arboreus

alt Tutía, Solanum sisymbriifolium




alt Vanilla

alt Virola and nutmeg








alt Zapoton, Pachira aquatica


Demo xtra 2

Tikal Related Reports


Consulting cacao & Theobroma species

Tobacco Ingredients of Aztec & Maya

Underutilized edible plants

Plants and trees used to produce incense

Camera Reviews for Photographing Flowers and Plants

Trees with conical Spines

Flowers native to Guatemala visible now around the world

Ethnobotany site page Donations acknowled Botton DONATE NOW


Fruits (typical misnomer mishmash of Spanish language)

Fruits (vines or cacti)

Flowers, sacred

Plants which are sacred

Plants or trees that are used to produce incense

Pachira aquatica, zapoton, zapote bobo, crucial sacred flower for Maya archaeologists and iconographers
Read article on Achiote, Bixa orellana, annatto, natural plant dye for coloring (and flavoring) food (especially cacao drink) in Guatemala and Mexico.
Read article on Cuajilote or Caiba: Parmentiera aculeata, a forgotten fruit.
Read article on Split leaf philodendron, Monstera deliciosa.

Visit other FLAAR sites

Flora and fauna

Educational Books


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