When time and funding permit, each flower (each plant species) will have its own page, and its own PDF, and eventually its own PPT so that professors and students have plenty of material on Guatemala (and Honduras, etc) to study.

Heliconia adflexa, Coban, Guatemala, Hotel Monja Blanca, FLAAR, by Nicholas Hellmuth

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we have recently found and photographed.

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A to Z index of utilitarian plants and sacred flowers of web site www.maya-ethnobotany.org

If you find a page on www.maya-ethnobotany.org which is not in this index (or which ought to be indexed also under an additional concept), please let us know, e-mail This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

 
 

alt Acacia, Acacia farnesiana

alt Aechmea bromeliifolia

alt Achiote, Bixa orellana

alt Aguacate, Persea sp.

alt Ají, Capsicum, Chile, chili, Pimiento

alt Algodón Silvestre, Cochlospermum vitifolium

alt Algodoncillo, Ceiba aesculifolia

alt Anacardium occidentale L. Cashew (marañon)

alt Anona, Annona purpurea

alt Anona colorada, Annona reticulata

alt Anona rosada, Annona reticulata

alt Aromatherapy, Magnolia, but species native to Guatemala and Mexico and Honduras

alt Apak palm, Brahea dulcis, Palma real, palma dulce, palma soyate

alt Attalea cohune, Corozo

alt Auritum, hoja santa

alt Avocado Hass

alt Avocado, Persea sp.

alt Ayale, Crescentia cujete

 

 
 

alt Bactris sp., Palms of Mesoamerica, Sabal sp.

alt Balsa, Guano, Jopi, Ochroma pyramidale

alt Basket palm, Bayal, Desmoncus orthacanthos, Liana palm

alt Bec, Ehretia tinifolia, Mandimbo, Palo prieto

alt Bejuco, Aristolochia

alt Bernoullia flammea, mapola, or amapola

alt Bixa orellana

alt Bibliographies on Mayan Flora in Central America

alt Blepharidium guatemalense, irayol blanco, family Rubiaceae

alt Bourreria huanita

alt Bombacaceae, Bernoullia flammea, now subfamily Bombacoideae

alt Brahea dulcis Apak palm, Palma real, palma dulce, palma soyate

alt Bullet tree, Bucida buceras

alt Bullock’s heart Annona reticulata

alt Bursera simaruba, Palo jiote

alt Buttercup tree, Cochlospermum vitifolium

alt Byrsonima crassifolia, Nance tree

 
 

alt cacao, chocolate, pataxte, Theobroma bicolor

alt Cacao, cocoa, chocolate, chile as flavoring among the Maya (and potentially among the Aztec).

alt Cacao, cocoa, chocolate, consulting, especially on Theobroma bicolor, but also Theobroma angustifolium

alt Cacao, cocoa, chocolate flavorings, vanilla

alt Cacao flavoring, magnolia

alt Cacao silvestre, cacao de montaña, cacao de mono, and potentially cacao de mico; Theobroma angustifolium

alt Calabash, Crescentia cujete

alt Calliandra, general introduction

alt Camedor, Chamaedorea spp., Cola de pescado, Palmilla, Tepejilote jade, Xate

alt Cana indica, leaves as wrap for tamale

alt Canak

alt Canastilla, Aristolochia

alt Capsicum,, Chile, chili, Ají, Pimiento

alt Cashew (marañon)

alt Cashew tree, Anacardium occidentale

alt Cassia grandis, bucut

alt Castilla elastica, hule, latex, rubber tree

alt Catuche, Annona muricata

alt Ceiba, Ceiba aesculifolia

alt Ceiba, Ceiba pentandra

alt Cestrum nocturnum, Dama de la noche, Huele de noche, Jazmín de la noche

alt Chepíl, Chipilín, Chop, Crotalaria longirostrata

alt Chichicaste, Chichicaste grandis

alt Chile Chocolate (Capsicum annuum var accuminatum)

alt Chilli, or chile, as flavoring for chocolate.

alt Chincuya, Annona purpurea

alt Chipilín, Chepíl, Chop, Crotalaria longirostrata

alt Chayote, Güisquil

alt Chocolate, see cacao (which is the correct botanical name; cocoa is a misinterpretation
(misunderstanding) from several centuries ago.

alt Chop, Chepíl, Chipilín, Crotalaria longirostrata

alt Chupetio, Falso hibisco, Malvaviscus arboreus

alt Cirián, Crescentia alata

alt Cirián, Crescentia cujete

alt Coclospermum vitifolium, Tecomasuche

alt Consulting services available to cacao, cocoa, chocolate, candy companies, worldwide, from an Olmec, Teotihuacan, Maya, and Aztec perspective.

alt Contrahierba, Dorstenia contrajerva, Snakewort

alt Coronillo, Bellucia costaricensis

alt Corozo, Attalea cohune

alt Cotoperis, Cotopriz, Guayo, Guaya, Melicoccus oliviformis, Talpajocote, Talisia olivaeformis, Uruguaye

alt Cotopriz, Cotoperis, Guayo, Guaya, Melicoccus oliviformis, Talpajocote, Talisia olivaeformis, Uruguaye

alt Cotton tree, Cochlospermum vitifolium

alt Crescentia alata, Crescentia cujete

alt Crotalaria longirostrata, Chepíl, Chipilín, Chop

alt Cryosophila stauracantha, Escoba, escobo, Guano de escoba, Palo de escoba

alt Cuchamper, Gonobolus sp

alt Cuchampera, Gonobolus sp

alt Custard apple, Annona reticulata

alt Cymbopetalum penduliflorum

 
 

alt Dahlia plants and flowers

alt Dama de la noche, Cestrum nocturnum, Huele de noche, Jazmín de la noche

alt Desmoncus orthacanthos, Basket palm, Bayal, Liana palm

alt Digital photography reviews, 400mm

alt Dorstenia contrajerva, Contrahierba, Snakewort

alt Dutchman's Pipe, Aristolochia elegans

 

 
 

alt Ehretia tinifolia, Bec, Mandimbo, Palo prieto

alt Escoba, escobo, Cryosophila stauracantha, Guano de escoba, Palo de escoba

alt Estrella, Bellucia costaricensis

alt Estrella de fuego, Epidendrum radicans

alt Erythrina berteroana, Palo de Pito

 
 

altFalso hibisco, Chupetio, Malvaviscus arboreus, Turk’s cap

alt Fire star, Epidendrum radicans

alt Flor de Calico, Aristolochia elegans

alt Flor de Muerto

alt Flor de Sangre, Asclepias curassavica

altFlowers that bloom at night, Solandra maxima

alt Food of the Maya, Bernoullia flammea, edible seeds

 

 
 

alt Garden for research on plants of Guatemala

alt Giant granadilla, Passiflora quadrangularis

alt Guaco, Aristolochia

alt Guinda, Solanum sisymbriifolium

alt Granada

alt Guanaba, Annona muricata

alt Guanábana, Annona muricata

alt Guano, Balsa, Jopi, Ochroma pyramidale

alt Guano de escoba, Cryosophila stauracantha, Escoba, escobo, Palo de escoba

alt Guaya, Cotoperis, Cotopriz, Guayo, Melicoccus oliviformis, Talpajocote, Talisia olivaeformis, Uruguaye

alt Guayo, Cotoperis, Cotopriz, Guaya, Melicoccus oliviformis, Talpajocote, Talisia olivaeformis, Uruguaye

alt Guazuma ulmifolia

alt Guava, Guayaba, Psidium guajava, a medicinal plant

 
 

alt Haematoxylum campechianum, Haematoxylum brasiletto

alt Haematoxylum campechianum, logwood, palo de Campeche flower

altHiguerón, Ficus

altHuele de noche, Cestrum nocturnum, Dama de la noche, Jazmín de la noche

alt Huizache, Acacia farnesiana

altHule, Castilla elastica, latex, rubber tree

alt Hura polyandra

 

 
 

 alt Irayol blanco, Blepharidium guatemalense, family Rubiaceae

 
 

altJazmín de la noche, Cestrum nocturnum, Dama de la noche, Huele de noche

alt Jícara, Crescentia alata

alt Jícara, Crescentia cujete

alt Jícaro, Crescentia alata

alt Jícaro, Crescentia cujete

alt Jopi, Balsa, Guano, Ochroma pyramidale

 

 
 

alt kapok, Ceiba pentandra

 

 
 

alt Lauraceae gender, Avocado

alt Látex, Castilla elastica, hule, rubber tree

alt Liana palm, Basket palm, Bayal, Desmoncus orthacanthos

alt Litchi tomato, Solanum sisymbriifolium

alt Logwood, Haematoxylum campechianum, palo de tinto, palo de Campeche

alt Logwood, palo de Campeche flower, palo de tinto, Haematoxylum campechianum

alt Lupuna, Ceiba pentandra

 

 

 
 

alt Macroclinium bicolor

alt Maculís, Matilisguate, Palo de rosa, Roble, Tabebuia rosea

alt Magnolia, medicinal and flavoring for cacao

alt Magnolia quetzal, using Nikon

alt Mandimbo, Bec, Ehretia tinifolia, Palo prieto

alt Manzanita tropical, Bellucia costaricensis

alt Mapola, or amapola, Bernoullia flammea

alt Maracuya, Passiflora quadrangularis

alt Marañón, Anacardium occidentale

alt Marañón, Cashew

alt Marigold Flower, Flor de Muerto

altMatapalo, Ficus

alt Medicinal plant, Guava, Guayaba, Psidium guajava

alt Medicinal plants

alt Medicinal plants, List

alt Medicinal plants, Magnolia

alt Medicinal, magnolia flavoring for cacao is also medicinal

alt Melicoccus oliviformis, Cotoperis, Cotopriz, Guayo, Guaya, Talpajocote, Talisia olivaeformis, Uruguaye

alt Mexican calabash, Crescentia alata

alt Mexican calabash, Crescentia cujete

alt Milkweed, Asclepias curassavical

alt Monja blanca, Lycaste virginalisvar. Alba

alt Morro, Crescentia alata

alt Morro, Crescentia cujete

 
 

alt Nance tree

alt Nanchi, Crescentia alata

alt Nanchi, Crescentia cujete

alt Níspero,Bellucia costaricensis

 
 

alt Ochroma pyramidale, Balsa, Guano, Jopi

alt Olivo negro,Bucida buceras

alt Orchids, vanilla orchid

 

 
 

alt Pacaya palm, Chamaedorea tepejilote

alt Pachira aquatica

alt Palma real , palma dulce, palma soyate, Apak palm, Brahea dulcis

alt Palmilla, Camedor, Chamaedorea spp., Cola de pescado, Tepejilote jade, Xate

alt Palms of Mesoamerica, Bactris sp., Sabal sp.

alt Palo de Pito Flowers

alt Palo de Campeche, logwood, Haematoxylum campechianum, palo de tinto

alt Palo de Campeche flower, palo de tinto, Haematoxylum campechianum

alt Palo de escoba, Cryosophila stauracantha, Escoba, escobo, Guano de escoba

alt Palo de rosa, Maculís, Matilisguate, Roble, Tabebuia rosea

alt Palo jiote

alt Palo Prieto, Bec, Ehretia tinifolia, Mandimbo

alt Palta, Persea sp.

alt Pan caliente, Chichicaste grandis

alt Passiflora quadrangularis , giant granadilla, maracuya, Badea

alt Pataxte, Theobroma bicolor, a species which also produces cocoa for chocolate

alt Introduction to Papaya

alt Pelican flower, Aristolochia elegans

alt Passion flowers and fruits, Passiflora

alt Persea gender, Avocado

alt Photo Exhibit, Pachira aquatica

alt Pimiento, Ají, Capsicum,, Chile, chili

alt Piper auritum, hoja santa

alt Piper species as potentially medicinal (or toxic needing their own medicine!)

alt Platanillo, Asclepias curassavica

alt Pochote, Ceiba aesculifolia

alt Poro-poro, Cochlospermum vitifolium

alt Pucté, Bucida buceras

alt Punica granatum, Granada

 
 

 

 
 

alt Revienta caballos, Solanum sisymbriifolium

alt Roble, Maculís, Matilisguate, Palo de rosa, Tabebuia rosea

alt Rubber tree, Castilla elastica, hule, latex

 

 
 

alt Sabal sp., Bactris sp., Palms of Mesoamerica

alt Sterculia apetala, Castaño

alt Sechium edule, Güisquil

alt Silk cotton tree, Ceiba pentandra

alt Silk tree,, Cochlospermum vitifolium

alt Sincuya, Annona purpurea

alt Snakewort, Contrahierba, Dorstenia contrajerva

alt Sobralia, Sobralia xantholeuca

alt Solandra maxima, cup of gold, flowering at night

alt Soursop,Annona muricata

alt Sticky nightshade, Solanum sisymbriifolium

altStrangler fig

alt Subin, Acacia farnesiana

 
 

alt Tagetes erecta, Flor de Muerto

alt Tagetes sp., Marigold

alt Talisia olivaeformis, Cotoperis, Cotopriz, Guayo, Guaya, Melicoccus oliviformis, Talpajocote, Uruguaye

alt Talpajocote, Cotoperis, Cotopriz, Guayo, Guaya, Melicoccus oliviformis, Talisia olivaeformis, Uruguaye

alt Talauma, a variant of Magnolia

alt Tecolotillo, Aristolochia

alt Tecomasuche flower, Cochlospermum vitifolium

alt Tecomasuche, Cochlospermum vitifolium bibliography

alt Tepejilote jade, Camedor, Chamaedorea spp., Cola de pescado, Palmilla, Xate

alt Theobroma angustifolium, cacao silvestre, cacao de montaña, cacao de mono, and potentially cacao de mico

alt Theobroma bicolor, pataxte

alt Tinto, palo de tinto; palo de Campeche, Haematoxylum campechianum

alt Tobacco-related, leaves can wrap cigarettes, Guava, Guayaba, Psidium guajava

alt Totumo, Crescentia cujete

alt Turk’s cap, Chupetio, Falso hibisco, Malvaviscus arboreus

alt Tutía, Solanum sisymbriifolium

 
 

alt Uruguaye, Cotoperis, Cotopriz, Guayo, Guaya, Melicoccus oliviformis, Talpajocote, Talisia olivaeformis

 

 
 

alt Vanilla

alt Virola and nutmeg

 
 

alt White nun, Lycaste virginalisvar. Alba

 

 
 

alt Xate, Camedor, Chamaedorea spp., Cola de pescado, Palmilla, Tepejilote jade

 

 
 

 

 
 

alt Zapoton, Pachira aquatica

 

 
Demo xtra 2

Tikal Related Reports

Bernoullia_flammea_mapola_&_temple_III_Tikal_FLAAR_Report_cover
Bernoullia_flammea_mapola_&_temple_V_Tikal_FLAAR_Report
Bernoullia_flammea_mapola_cante_great_plaza_ballcourt_&_temple_I_Tikal_FLAAR_Report
Bernoullia_flammea_mapola_cante_Natural_Beauty_at_Tikal_Central_Acropolis_FLAAR_Report
Cutting-Patterns-made-by-leaf-cutting-ants-Zompopos-at-parque-nacional-tikal-FLAAR-Reports
Flowers-of-Maya-art-Pachira-aquatica_Parque-Nacional_Tikal_Nicholas-Hellmuth
Guazuma_ulmifolia_at_Tikal_Report_Nicholas_Hellmuth
Meleagris_ocellata_occelated_turkey_Tikal_FLAAR_Report

Consulting cacao & Theobroma species

Tobacco Ingredients of Aztec & Maya

Underutilized edible plants

Plants and trees used to produce incense

Camera Reviews for Photographing Flowers and Plants

Trees with conical Spines

Flowers native to Guatemala visible now around the world

Ethnobotany site page Donations acknowled Botton DONATE NOW

SUBJECTS TO BE COVERED DURING NEXT 6 MONTHS

Fruits (typical misnomer mishmash of Spanish language)

Fruits (vines or cacti)

Flowers, sacred

Plants or trees that are used to produce incense

Pachira aquatica, zapoton, zapote bobo, crucial sacred flower for Maya archaeologists and iconographers
Read article on Achiote, Bixa orellana, annatto, natural plant dye for coloring (and flavoring) food (especially cacao drink) in Guatemala and Mexico.
Read article on Cuajilote or Caiba: Parmentiera aculeata, a forgotten fruit.
Read article on Split leaf philodendron, Monstera deliciosa.

Visit other FLAAR sites

Flora and fauna

Educational Books

 

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