When time and funding permit, each flower (each plant species) will have its own page, and its own PDF, and eventually its own PPT so that professors and students have plenty of material on Guatemala (and Honduras, etc) to study.

Brugmansia arborea, Florifundia
Photo by Sofia Monzon with a Canon EOS Rebel T2i.

Florifundia
This space is for flowers
we have recently found and photographed.

Europe

English Bulgarian Croatian Czech Danish Dutch French German Greek Italian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Slovenian Spanish Turkish Ukrainian

Asia

Armenian Chinese (Simplified) Chinese (Traditional) Filipino Greek Hebrew Hindi Japanese

Africa

Afrikaans Arabic Swahili
Follow me in twitter. FLAAR reports Add a Nicholas Hellmunth to yor network. FLAAR reports.
| Share
News Feeds:
Cassia grandis flower photos edible food crop stimulant libido cacao flavoring

Two species of Cassia in Guatemala

Cassia grandis is native, and has pink flowers.

Cassia fistula is from Asia, and has yellow flowers.

These trees flowers from January, February, March, April, May.

Cassia-grandis-carao-flower-stages-Rio-los-Esclavos-Santa-Rosa-NHCassia grandis or carao flower cacao flavor.

The Cassia grandis is known as bucut, carague, carao, mucut, or Pink Shower Tree. This is not cañafístola or cañafístula. That is Cassia fistula and is from Asia. The pre-Columbian species is Cassia grandis. However because the seed pod is similar in both species, the native tree in Mesoamerica is also called cañafístola or cañafístula.

Uses of Cassia grandis, bucut

The informative book by OFI-CATIE gives a general statement on use of Cassia grandis.

Cassia-grandis-carao-flower-Rio-los-Esclavos-Santa-Rosa-NHCassia grandis or carao flower cacao flavor, Río los Esclavos, Santa Rosa

En Centroamérica, especialmente Costa Rica, la pulpa azucarada color café que rodea las semillas se usa como substituto del chocolate y los mayas lo usaban para endulzar bebidas. La pulpa es dulce pero maloliente. En Nicaragua se cuece con leche y en Choluteca, Honduras y en El Salvador se hacen frescos. Sin embargo, parece tener propiedades laxantes, depurativas y estimulantes, por lo que su uso es limitado. En Guatemala se venden en los mercados en Petén para medicina casera. También se venden en los mercados y tiendas de El Salvador por su pulpa comestible, que generalmente se prepara en bebidas. (Cordero and Boshier 2003: 439.

Cassia-grandis-carao-flower-stages-Rio-los-Esclavos-Santa-Rosa-Nicholas-HelllmuthCassia grandis or carao flower cacao flavor

Also used as a living fence.

In general, documentation of the use of such trees is inadequate. Generally everyone quotes on source. And 90% of the web sites simply copy-and-paste and do not cite where they are taking the info from. But even without scholarly citations it still helps to have information, such as the following:

Cassia-grandis-carao-flower-blooming-stages-Rio-los-Esclavos-Santa-Rosa-NHCassia grandis or carao flower cacao flavor, Río los Esclavos, Santa Rosa

Iron Magazine recently reported that: “It's known as Cassia Grandis and has been an effective natural remedy for anaemia. But it also has an interesting side effect in many men. It reportedly spurs spontaneous libido. Could this be due to a lowering of SHBG? At this point, it would only be speculative to say. One would think that something that cured anaemia would be high in iron but tests on Carao extract reveal almost no iron. This one is a big question mark. It could be nothing more than the impoverished people were anaemic before taking it and once cured, felt completely revitalized, yet among athletes who have tried it, the consensus is that it definitely improves endurance.” (www.belize.com/articles/flora/cassia-grandis-bukut-tree.html#ixzz1xAQfSVD3)

Cassia-grandis-carao-flower-stages-Rio-los-Esclavos-Santa-RosaCassia grandis or carao flower cacao flavor.

Location of Cassia grandis in Guatemala.

Cassia grandis can be seen at Parque Nacional Tikal, near the aguada next to the sculpture museum. There is a nice sign at the base of the tree clearly identifying it.

Cassia-grandis-carao-flower-stages-Rio-los-Esclavos-Santa-Rosa-flaar-Nicholas-HelllmuthCassia grandis or carao flower cacao flavor.

Botanical books indicate that this tree grows in most of the departamentos of Guatemala below 1000 meters elevation, so more than half the country. We found it in a garden near the Rio de los Esclavos, one hour drive from Guatemala City. Blooming in mid-March.

Cassia-grandis-carao-flower-stages-Rio-los-Esclavos-maya-ethnobotany-Santa-Rosa-NHCassia grandis or carao flower cacao flavor.
Cassia-grandis-carao-flower-stages-Rio-los-Esclavos-Santa-Rosa-mayaCassia grandis or carao flower cacao flavor.

Introductory Bibliography on Cassia grandis

  • CORDERO, J. and D. H. BOSHIER (editors)
  • 2003
  • Árboles de Centroamérica: un Manual para Extensionistas (Trees of Central America: a Manual for Extentionists), OFI-CATIE, pages 439-442.
  • CACERES A, LOPEZ BR, GIRON MA, LOGEMANN H.
  • 1991
  • Plants used in Guatemala for the treatment of dermatophytic infections. 1. Screening for antimycotic activity of 44 plant extracts. J Ethnopharmacol. 1991 Mar; 31(3):263-76.
  • Faculty of Chemical Sciences and Pharmacy, University of San Carlos, Guatemala.

  • BYE, ROBERT A., JR and EDELMIRA LINARES
  • 1990
  • Mexican Market Plants of 16th Century. I. Plants recorded in Historia Natural de Nueva Espana. J. Ethnobio. 10(2):151-168. Winter 1990.
  • LEVY TACHER, SAMUEL ISRAEL, AGUIRRE RIVERA, J. ROGELIO, GARCIA PEREZ, JOSE D. and MARIA MAGDALENA MARTINEZ ROMERO
  • 2006
  • Aspectos floristicos de Lacanja Chansayab, Selva Lacandona, Chiapas. Acta Botanica Mexicana, Octobre, numero 077, pp. 69-98. Instituto de Ecologia A.C., Patzcuaro, Mexico.
  • PENNINGTON, T. D. and JOSE SARUKHAN
  • 1968
  • Arboles tropicales de Mexico. Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Mexico, D.F.
  • PENNINGTON, T. D. and JOSE SARUKHAN
  • 2005
  • Arboles tropicales de Mexico: Manual para la identification de las principales especies. 3rd edition. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico D.F.

Bibliography: Web sites

www.belize.com/articles/flora/cassia-grandis-bukut-tree.html

posted March 12, 2013.

 
Demo xtra 2

Tikal Related Reports

Bernoullia_flammea_mapola_&_temple_III_Tikal_FLAAR_Report_cover
Bernoullia_flammea_mapola_&_temple_V_Tikal_FLAAR_Report
Bernoullia_flammea_mapola_cante_great_plaza_ballcourt_&_temple_I_Tikal_FLAAR_Report
Bernoullia_flammea_mapola_cante_Natural_Beauty_at_Tikal_Central_Acropolis_FLAAR_Report
Cutting-Patterns-made-by-leaf-cutting-ants-Zompopos-at-parque-nacional-tikal-FLAAR-Reports
Flowers-of-Maya-art-Pachira-aquatica_Parque-Nacional_Tikal_Nicholas-Hellmuth
Guazuma_ulmifolia_at_Tikal_Report_Nicholas_Hellmuth
Meleagris_ocellata_occelated_turkey_Tikal_FLAAR_Report

Consulting cacao & Theobroma species

Tobacco Ingredients of Aztec & Maya

Tropical Nuts

Spices, condiments, food coloring

Underutilized edible plants

Plants and trees used to produce incense

Camera Reviews for Photographing Flowers and Plants

Trees with conical Spines

Flowers native to Guatemala visible now around the world

Ethnobotany site page Donations acknowled Botton DONATE NOW

SUBJECTS TO BE COVERED DURING NEXT 6 MONTHS

Fruits (typical misnomer mishmash of Spanish language)

Fruits (vines or cacti)

Flavoring, herbs, and spices

Flowers, sacred

Plants which are sacred

Plants or trees that are used to produce incense

Most common introduced plants (not native)

Pachira aquatica, zapoton, zapote bobo, crucial sacred flower for Maya archaeologists and iconographers
Read article on Achiote, Bixa orellana, annatto, natural plant dye for coloring (and flavoring) food (especially cacao drink) in Guatemala and Mexico.
Read article on Split leaf philodendron, Monstera deliciosa.
Read article on Gonolobus, an edible vine from Asclepiadaceae Family.
Pachira aquatica, zapoton, zapote bobo, crucial sacred flower for Maya archaeologists and iconographers

 

linkedin logo
barra separadora
twitter-logo
barra separadora
twitter-logo
Join the over one thousand
wide-format inkjet, digital imaging,
signage, and related individuals worldwide
who are linked to FLAAR Reports
via Dr Nicholas Hellmuth.
We have two sets of Tweets:
digital imaging tweets
(printers, inks, media, etc)
Mayan studies
tweets (archaeology,
ethnobotany, ethnozoology
of Guatemala)
Copyright © 2017. maya-ethnobotany.org. Powered by FLAAR
elektronik sigara orjinal elektronik sigara red kiwi elektronik sigara