When time and funding permit, each flower (each plant species) will have its own page, and its own PDF, and eventually its own PPT so that professors and students have plenty of material on Guatemala (and Honduras, etc) to study.

Heliconia adflexa, Coban, Guatemala, Hotel Monja Blanca, FLAAR, by Nicholas Hellmuth

Florifundia
This space is for flowers
we have recently found and photographed.

Reports by FLAAR Mesoamerica
on Flora & Fauna of Parque Nacional Yaxha Nakum Naranjo
Peten, Guatemala, Central America


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Bibliography on Xylopia frutescens

Xylopia frutescens, known as Malaquete or Malaqueta in Guatemala is an evergreen tree with a longish, spreading crown and horizontal branches, it can reach grows 8 meters tall. The tree is harvested as a source of food, the fruits are aromatic and can be used as a condiment. It also has medical uses for local people for catarrhal infections, dental cavities, stomach complaints, and other treatments. Some research listed in this bibliography suggest that the plant has antitumour and anti-viral properties.

The flowers of Malaqueta have a heavenly aroma. The mature seeds have a great taste of the material around the seed (you don’t eat the seeds themselves, just the material around them). Standley and Steyermark say that in Honduras oil from the seeds is used as a hair tonic (1946: 294). And the trees (sadly, if chopped down) can be used for house construction in rural areas. Ethnobotanist Cyrus Lundell (1938) mentions the use of the wood as house poles and as poles to use instead of paddles to move dugout canoes in shallow water. He does not mention this tree as having any edible or medicinal part. But local people in Alta Verapaz, Guatemala, have told us about the edible aspects.

malagueta-o-malaqueta-Xylopia-frutescens

Malagueta or malaqueta, Xylopia frutescens. Photo by Nicholas Hellmuth at Aldea Buena Vista, Tapon Creek. Photo taken on the 4th of July, 2021

PDF, Articles, Books on Xylopia frutescens

  • De SOUZA, L., De CARVALHO, A. C. CABRAL, L., VASCONCELOS, L. H. C., CORREIRA, M, De OLIVEIRA, V. C., FECHINE J., PAREDES, E. J., De ANDRADE, F. and Bagnólia ARAÚJO
  • 2015
  • Essential oil from Xylopia frutescens Aubl. reduces cytosolic calcium levels on guinea pig ileum: mechanism underlying its spasmolytic potential. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 15: 327

    Available Online:
    https://bmccomplementmedtherapies.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/s12906-015-0849-3
  • FERRAZ, Rosana P. C., CARDOSO, Gabriela M. B., Da SILVA, Thanany B., Do N. Fotes, José Eraldo, Do N. Prata, Ana Paula, CARVALHO, Adriana A., MORASES, Manoel O., PESSOA, Claudia, COSTA, Emmanoel V. and BEZERRA, Daniel P.
  • 2013
  • Antitumour properties of the leaf essential oil of Xylopia frutescens Aubl. (Annonaceae). Food Chemistry Vo. 141, pages 196-200

    Available Online:
    www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S030881461300277X

 

Suggested webpages with photos and information on Xylopia frutescens

www.crbio.cr:8080/neoportal-web/species/Xylopia%20frutescens
Information

www.cicy.mx/sitios/flora%20digital/ficha_virtual.php?especie=702
General information

www.gbif.org/es/species/3157107
Photos and map distribution

http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Xylopia+frutescens
Information and uses

 

First posted August, 2020.
Written by Vivian Hurtado and Dr Nicholas Hellmuth

 

Parque Nacional Yaxha, Nakum and Naranjo

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