When time and funding permit, each flower (each plant species) will have its own page, and its own PDF, and eventually its own PPT so that professors and students have plenty of material on Guatemala (and Honduras, etc) to study.

Brugmansia arborea, Florifundia
Photo by Sofia Monzon with a Canon EOS Rebel T2i.

Florifundia
This space is for flowers
we have recently found and photographed.

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Plant material used for nets, bundles, basketry, ropes, mats

Capulin, Trema micrantha; bark produces cordage (Parker p. 928).

Carludovica palmate, can be used for making hats.

Cattail, Typha angustifolia (Lundell)

Desmoncus quasillarus, stalks used to make baskets (Palenque area)
Vogl et al. 2002: 637

Handmade baskets made in Antigua market Guatemala Central America

Handmade baskets made in Antigua market Guatemala Central America

Guano, Sabal mexicana; thatch palm, but also for hats and mats (Lundell)

Guano Sabal Mexicana thatch palm but also for hats and mats Peten Guatemala Central America

Guano Sabal mexicana thatch palm but also for hats and mats Peten Guatemala Central America

Wild cotton, Hibiscus pernambucensis,

Mano de leon, Hampea stipitata. Mano de leon is a vague Spanish term used to describe many different and totally unrelated plants, such as split-philodendron.

Mano de leon Hampea stipitata Sayaxche Peten Guatemala Central America

Mano de leon Hampea stipitata Sayaxche Peten Guatemala Central America

Philodendron, Philodendron sp., roots used for baskets; even in pre-Columbian times (Tikal, Early Classic burial; Moholy-Nagy 2001: 91).

Philodendron roots used for baskets close up rims handmade even in pre Columbian times

Philodendron roots used for baskets close up rims handmade even in pre Columbian times


Philodendron roots used for baskets handmade even in pre Columbian times

Philodendron roots used for baskets handmade even in pre Columbian times

Sisal, maguey, henequen, Agave sisalon, Agave fourcroydes

Maguey, Furcraea species

Tule, Typha dominguensis

Another dozen plants used for making baskets are in the FLAAR Report on Guatemalan basketry, available as a PDF from our www.maya-archaeology.org.

In his article seventy years ago, on plants probably used by the Maya, Lundell also mentions the following as relaed to cordage, baskets, or nets:

  • Aechmea magdalenae André. Cham, piñuela
  • Sida acuta Burm. Chichibe
  • Abutilon lignosum (Cav.) Don. Zacxiu, yaxholche
  • Muntingia calabura L. Capulin (Chizmar 2009:244-246)
  • Heliocarpus spp.
  • Hibiscus tiliaceus L. Xtolol
  • Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. Pixoy
  • Belotia campbellii Sprangue. Moho

Our goal is to find these plants one by one out in the wild, photograph them extensively, and learn which villages use them for which aspects of basket weaving or cordate.

 

First posted August 2011.

 
Demo xtra 2

Tikal Related Reports

Bernoullia_flammea_mapola_&_temple_III_Tikal_FLAAR_Report_cover
Bernoullia_flammea_mapola_&_temple_V_Tikal_FLAAR_Report
Bernoullia_flammea_mapola_cante_great_plaza_ballcourt_&_temple_I_Tikal_FLAAR_Report
Bernoullia_flammea_mapola_cante_Natural_Beauty_at_Tikal_Central_Acropolis_FLAAR_Report
Cutting-Patterns-made-by-leaf-cutting-ants-Zompopos-at-parque-nacional-tikal-FLAAR-Reports
Flowers-of-Maya-art-Pachira-aquatica_Parque-Nacional_Tikal_Nicholas-Hellmuth
Guazuma_ulmifolia_at_Tikal_Report_Nicholas_Hellmuth
Meleagris_ocellata_occelated_turkey_Tikal_FLAAR_Report

Consulting cacao & Theobroma species

Tobacco Ingredients of Aztec & Maya

Tropical Nuts

Spices, condiments, food coloring

Underutilized edible plants

Plants and trees used to produce incense

Camera Reviews for Photographing Flowers and Plants

Trees with conical Spines

Flowers native to Guatemala visible now around the world

Ethnobotany site page Donations acknowled Botton DONATE NOW

SUBJECTS TO BE COVERED DURING NEXT 6 MONTHS

Fruits (typical misnomer mishmash of Spanish language)

Fruits (vines or cacti)

Flavoring, herbs, and spices

Flowers, sacred

Plants which are sacred

Plants or trees that are used to produce incense

Most common introduced plants (not native)

We Thank Gitzo, 90% of the photographs of plants, flowers and trees in Guatemala are photographed using a Gitzo tripod, available from Manfrotto Distribution.
We thank Hoodman, All images on this site are taken with RAW CF memory cards courtesy of Hoodman.
Pachira aquatica, zapoton, zapote bobo, crucial sacred flower for Maya archaeologists and iconographers
Read article on Achiote, Bixa orellana, annatto, natural plant dye for coloring (and flavoring) food (especially cacao drink) in Guatemala and Mexico.
Read article on Cuajilote or Caiba: Parmentiera aculeata, a forgotten fruit.
Read article on Split leaf philodendron, Monstera deliciosa.
Read article on Gonolobus, an edible vine from Asclepiadaceae Family.
Pachira aquatica, zapoton, zapote bobo, crucial sacred flower for Maya archaeologists and iconographers
Flor de Mayo,Plumeria rubia, plumeria alba, plumeria obtusa. Edible flower used to flavor cacao
Guanaba, annona squamosa, Chincuya, Annona purpurea, Sugar apple, Chirimoya

 

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