When time and funding permit, each flower (each plant species) will have its own page, and its own PDF, and eventually its own PPT so that professors and students have plenty of material on Guatemala (and Honduras, etc) to study.

Heliconia adflexa, Coban, Guatemala, Hotel Monja Blanca, FLAAR, by Nicholas Hellmuth

This space is for flowers
we have recently found and photographed.

Reports by FLAAR Mesoamerica
on Flora & Fauna of Parque Nacional Yaxha Nakum Naranjo
Peten, Guatemala, Central America

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Bibliography on Achiote, Bixa orellana

PDF, Articles, Books on Achiote, Bixa orellana

Photo by Dr Nicholas Hellmuth with a Nikon D5, lens Canon EF 100MM F/2.8 MACRO USM, f/10, 1/400, ISO 3200

  • AYALA, Carmen, CASTILLO, Ericson, ALFARO, Ketterine, EVA, Aspiros and Luis AYALA
  • 2016
  • Obtención de un colorante natural de las semillas de Bixa orellana L. (Bixaceae) como alternativa para uso cosmético. Arnaldoa: revista del Herbario HAO. Vol. 23, No. 1. Pages 149-158.

    Available online:
  • CAMACARO, José, GÓMEZ, José, JIMÉNEZ, Milagros, VEGA, Cristóbal and Lisbeth MANGANIELLO
  • 2018
  • A liposoluble colorant from Annatto seeds (Bica Orellana L.) as an input for food industry. Revista de Ingeniería UC, Vol. 25, No. 2. Pages 291-306.

    Available online:
  • DE ARAÚJO, Daniela, DE ARAUJO, Marina, ACCIOLY, Túlio, NERVO, Fernanda, DE OLIVEIRA, Márcia, DE OLIVEIRA, Camilo, FILGUEIRAS, Petronio, FORMIGA, Margareth and José BARBOSA
  • 2014
  • Traditional uses, chemical constituents, and biological activities of Bixa Orellana L.: a review. Hidawi Publishing Corporation. The Scientific World Journal. 11 pages.

Photo by Sofía Monzón with a Canon EOS, lens Canon EF 100MM F/2.8 MACRO USM, f/18, 1/250, ISO 100

  • ZARZA, Addy, SAURI, Enrique, RADDATZ, Denise, CUEVAS, Luis, PINZÓN, Luis, RIVERA, Fernando and Jose MENDOZA
  • 2017
  • Pharmacological, phytochemical and morphological study of three mayan accessions of Bixa Orellana L. leaves. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture. Vol. 29, No. 3. Pages 163-169.

    Available online:

Photo by Dr Nicholas Hellmuth with a Nikon D5, lens Nikon AF-Micro-NIKKOR 200mm f/4D IF-ED Macro, f/11, 1/500, ISO 6400


Suggested webpages with photos and information on Achiote, Bixa orellana



Information and photos.

Information and photos.


Map location and photos.

To learn more about Bixa orellana, Achiote, click here


First posted, June 2019
Bibliography prepared by Marcella Sarti, FLAAR Mesoamerica


Botanical Terms

Ecosystems, Wetlands Aquatic Plants

Smartphone Camera Reviews

Fungi and Lichens

Consulting cacao & Theobroma species

Tobacco Ingredients of Aztec & Maya

Plants and trees used to produce incense

Camera Reviews for Photographing Flowers and Plants

Trees with conical Spines

Flowers native to Guatemala visible now around the world

Ethnobotany site page Donations acknowled Botton DONATE NOW


Fruits (typical misnomer mishmash of Spanish language)

Fruits (vines or cacti)

Flowers, sacred

Plants or trees that are used to produce incense

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